Diario del proyecto Mushrooms of PEI

Archivos de diario de febrero 2024

03 de febrero de 2024

2023 in Review

2023 proved to be an exceptionally fruitful year for the Mushroom Atlas, and we owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to all who contributed observations and ventured into the province's lesser-observed regions. Over the past two years, we've seen a significant expansion in our Atlas squares, boasting 20 research-grade species, soaring from just 13 to an impressive 62!

Key achievements of 2023 include:

  • A remarkable addition of 5,321 macrofungi observations to iNaturalist.
  • Year two of the Coastal Sand Dune Inventory met and surpassed expectations with 81 potential species.
  • A total of 495 specimens were provided for DNA sequencing analysis.
  • Psathyrella epimyces was observed, a target of the FunDiS Northeast Rare Fungi Challenge, marking the first observation for Atlantic Canada.

Other exciting finds are anticipated to be announced as our DNA sequencing analysis are completed. Among the first notable discoveries is Hydnum subolympicum, an uncommon hedgehog mushroom. While it is more common in the eastern United States, this species is uncommon in Atlantic Canada, with only six known observations to date: Newfoundland & Labrador (2), New Brunswick (2), Nova Scotia (1), and Prince Edward Island (1).

Hydnum subolympicum

Publicado el febrero 3, 2024 02:59 MAÑANA por ksanderson ksanderson | 1 comentario | Deja un comentario

12 de febrero de 2024

New DNA results: Cortinarius "torvus-IN01"

A new DNA sequence has trickled in, this time for Cortinarius "torvus-IN01" which was found at Strathgartney Provincial Park. This is currently the 23rd observation and a first for Atlantic Canada.

Publicado el febrero 12, 2024 05:36 TARDE por ksanderson ksanderson | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

19 de febrero de 2024

Pinewood Gingertail (Xeromphalina enigmatica not Xeromphalina campanella)

Xeromphalina enigmatica

We now have DNA sequences from 36 of the 495 specimens submitted in 2023. The results returned this week were largely as anticipated or inconclusive, making their significance challenging to assess. However, one significant result was the sequence of a Pinewood Gingertail (Xeromphalina campanella) specimen. This species is fairly common across PEI with 37 observations of Xeromphalina species, 28 of which are Xeromphalina campanella, in 24 Atlas squares.

Xeromphalina are easy to identify:

  • Small size, typically found on decaying wood such as stumps, frequently in large clusters.
  • Wiry stem, dark brown at the base, transitioning to yellow towards the top, culminating in a yellow/golden cap.
  • Fuzzy base.
  • Gills that are spaced out, decurrent (extending down the stem), with cross veins between the gills.
  • Produces a white spore print.

Guidebooks often highlight two common species: Xeromphalina campanella, found on softwood, and Xeromphalina kauffmanii, which prefers hardwood. However, recent sequencing of specimens from Newfoundland and Quebec revealed they are actually a different species, Xeromphalina enigmatica, which will grow on both types of wood. To verify if this phenomenon extends to our area, I included a specimen in our 2023 collection for analysis. The results confirmed our specimen to be X. enigmatica, aligning with these recent discoveries.

This revelation challenges our understanding of the geographical distribution of Xeromphalina campanella, necessitating further DNA sequencing for accurate identification due to the lack of visible differences between X. campanella and X. enigmatica. Given the findings, it's reasonable to presume that PEI predominantly hosts X. enigmatica, rather than X. campanella. Additionally, X. kauffmanii, documented in Nova Scotia and distinguishable by its larger spores, could potentially be present in PEI.

If you encounter a Pinewood Gingertail on hardwood, please collect samples or contact me for collection and DNA analysis in 2024.

Publicado el febrero 19, 2024 09:31 TARDE por ksanderson ksanderson | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario